What Does Criminal Mischief Mean in Texas?

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Updated on August 23, 2022

If you have been arrested and charged with criminal mischief in Texas, but you do not know what it means, read on to find out how the Texas Penal Code defines this criminal offense.

In Texas, you can be charged with criminal mischief when you damage or tamper with someone else’s property. Common examples of activities that may lead to criminal mischief charges are graffiti and vandalism.

While criminal mischief charges may not strike you as being serious, the State of Texas takes these acts against someone else's property very seriously. Depending upon how serious the damage you are alleged to have caused is, the charges can range from a misdemeanor to a Class I felony. In other words, you should take criminal mischief charges extremely seriously.

Speak with a Round Rock criminal defense attorney if you have been arrested for criminal mischief and do not know how to defend yourself.

How Does Texas Law Define Criminal Mischief?

According to Texas Penal Code § 28.03, when a person vandalizes or damages tangible property that belongs to someone else, it is considered criminal mischief. Tangible property is anything that can be touched, including real property and personal property.

To rise to the level of criminal mischief, the accused must have knowingly or intentionally performed the act in question without the property owner’s effective consent. Thus, even if you think that a drawing can improve the appearance of a building, you cannot draw anything unless you have the owner’s effective consent. Otherwise, you can face criminal mischief charges.

It is also important to note that you could be charged with criminal mischief even if you were not actually the one who committed the offense. If you were involved in the offense in any way, you risk having criminal mischief charges brought against you.

Criminal mischief can come in several forms, including the following offenses:

Marking Property

You know graffiti when you see it on buildings, walls, trains, garages, and much more. Graffiti refers to the act of knowingly marking someone else’s tangible property with any of the following:

  • Inscriptions

  • Paintings

  • Slogans

  • Symbols

  • Drawings

  • Characters and other kinds of marks

The very content of the graffiti can affect the seriousness of the charge if it includes threatening language or an insult of some kind (for example, a racist, sexist, ethnic, or religious slur). Teenagers are often charged with this variety of criminal mischief.

Tampering with Property

Tampering with property refers to intentionally or knowingly tampering with someone else’s tangible property in a manner that causes the other person to suffer a loss or to be inconvenienced in some way.

Even hiding something of someone else’s on their own property—and inconveniencing that person in the process—can rise to the level of a criminal mischief charge.

Now that many residences have security cameras, these charges are becoming more common and are often easier to prove.

Destroying Property

Destruction of property is exactly what it sounds like—intentionally or knowingly destroying or damaging someone else's tangible property. Breaking windows, damaging lawn decorations, and other such acts generally suffice to warrant destruction of property charges.

Charges of destruction of property, more than any other kind of criminal mischief, are the most likely to end in felony charges—even without aggravating circumstances.

What Are Examples of Criminal Mischief in Texas?

There is a wide range of activities that may lead to criminal mischief charges in Texas. Some of the most common examples of criminal mischief include the following offenses:

  • Damaging, defacing, or destroying private or public property: Common examples are graffiti and paintings on a wall.

  • Damaging someone’s motor vehicle: Common examples include scratching car paint with keys and breaking car windows.

  • Damaging a place of business: Common examples include breaking doors, windows, signs, or fixtures owned by a business.

  • Damaging school property: Common examples are breaking windows, writing on desks, and painting on school walls.

  • Damaging a home or habitation: Common examples include breaking a fence, painting on walls and fences, and breaking windows.

As the extent of the damage rises, so, too, do the associated legal penalties. Contact a Round Rock criminal defense attorney today to build a defense that can help you lessen or avoid these penalties altogether.

What Are the Penalties for Criminal Mischief in Texas?

The punishment for a criminal mischief conviction in Texas can range from a Class C misdemeanor to a first-degree felony, depending on the circumstances of the offense.

Whether you can be convicted of a misdemeanor or felony depends on the extent of the damage done to the tangible property.

The penalties associated with criminal mischief are generally in direct relation to the cost associated with the damaged property, as outlined below:

  • Damages under $100 are classified as Class C misdemeanors, which carry maximum fines of $500.

  • Damages between $100 and $750 are classified as Class B misdemeanors, which carry up to 180 days in jail and up to $2,000 in fines.

  • Damages between $750 and $2,500 are classified as Class A misdemeanors, which carry up to one year in jail and up to $4,000 in fines.

  • Damages between $2,500 and $30,000 are state jail felonies that are punishable by up to two years in jail and by fines of up to $10,000.

In other words, causing damage to a property is a misdemeanor when the amount of damage is less than $2,500. If the damage is more than $2,500, you can be convicted of a felony.

However, criminal mischief may still be classified as a felony even if the amount of damage does not exceed $2,500, if any of the following circumstances apply:

  • The perpetrator used a firearm or explosive device to cause damage to someone else’s habitation.

  • The damaged property was a fence for horses, cattle, goats, sheep, swine, or livestock or poultry.

  • The damaged property was a fence for game animals.

Being convicted of such a felony can lead to significant fines and up to two years in jail. It can also bring the stigma of being permanently branded as a felon. Even if your offense is not a felony, criminal mischief misdemeanor charges are criminal charges—the effects of which should never be underestimated.

Can I Face Criminal Mischief Charges If I Did Not Intend to Cause Damage?

People mistakenly believe that they can be charged with criminal mischief even when they did not intend to cause damage to someone else’s tangible property.

However, as mentioned earlier, one of the requirements to convict someone of criminal mischief is to prove that they acted intentionally or knowingly. In other words, the prosecutor must be able to prove both of these elements to convict you of criminal mischief in Texas:

  • You knew what you were doing.

  • You were aware of what possible consequences might be.

If you had no knowledge that your actions would cause damage to someone else’s property and you had no intention to damage the tangible property of another person, the prosecutor would not be able to convict you of criminal mischief.

It is vital to seek the legal counsel of an experienced Round Rock criminal defense lawyer to build an effective defense strategy for you to avoid a conviction.

Related: Is It Criminal Intent or an Honest Mistake?

What Are the Potential Defenses to Criminal Mischief Charges in Texas?

If you are facing criminal mischief charges in Texas, it is critical to speak with a knowledgeable criminal defense lawyer to get the charges dismissed or reduced.

Lack of Evidence

In order to convict you of criminal mischief, the prosecutor has to rely on witness statements or evidence to prove that you committed the offense. In the absence of witness statements and physical evidence, including photographs and surveillance camera footage, the prosecution may have a hard time proving your guilt.

If the prosecution doesn’t have sufficient proof that you committed a criminal mischief offense, your Round Rock criminal defense attorney may be able to convince the judge that you cannot be convicted due to the lack of evidence.

Related: Criminal Cases Are Sometimes Dismissed

Lack of Intent

Keep in mind that the prosecution must prove that you knowingly or intentionally damaged or destroyed the tangible property of another person or entity. If you did not intend to damage or destroy the property, you cannot be convicted of criminal mischief.

Minor Damage

Your attorney can also argue that the damage that was done to the property is so minor that you cannot be convicted of criminal mischief. The higher the value of the damage, the more serious the punishment, but if the damage was negligible, you may be able to avoid a conviction.

Presence of Owner’s Consent

If you had the property owner’s effective consent, you can avoid a conviction. However, proving that you had the owner’s permission to damage, deface, or destroy their property is rarely an effective defense.

Contact a Round Rock Criminal Defense Attorney

Criminal mischief charges are serious charges that can end with you facing felony charges. If you or your child is facing criminal mischief charges in Texas, speak with a Round Rock criminal defense attorney right away.

At The Law Office of Brett H. Pritchard, our skilled criminal lawyers are dedicated to fighting for your rights and protecting your freedom at all costs. Call (254) 781-4222 or contact us online to review your specific situation and determine the best defenses to criminal mischief charges in your case.

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